IPPE Participatory Planning

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The IPPE (Integrated Participatory Planning Exercise) is a national initiative by the Ministry of Rural Development to involve all villagers in the annual MGNREGA planning process. However, socially excluded groups are still often left out of this process. PACS has been working with state governments and civil society partners to develop a more inclusive process, and recommendations from this work have been included in the national training guidelines for IPPE trainers. In total, PACS partners have carried out 2972 inclusive IPPEs.

MGNREGA planning

MGNREGA (the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) is a government employment scheme that guarantees rural households 100 days of paid work every year doing unskilled manual labour.

Under the Act every Gram Panchayat (village council) should have an annual MGNREGA plan that includes enough money to pay every MGNREGA-registered family, a list of all the projects that need to be carried out in the community along with project plans.

The planning process is an opportunity for community members to identify projects or issues that they think need addressing. For example, building new wells, repairing roads or irrigating farmland.

 Women in a village in Jharkhand review a map of the completed, ongoing and planned MGNREGA projects in their village.

Left out from decision making

Due to their low status in society, socially excluded groups tend to be left out from decision-making processes.

Budheshwar Rishidev from the Mushahar Dalit Community in Bihar said, “It is the first time that we have known that we are supposed to decide the work under MGNREGA.” Before it was only the influential people in his community who dictated which projects would be undertaken.

Dhuran - a Scheduled Tribe member from Jharkhand - also found the same. A well was going to be built near to the land of the village officials but thanks to the inclusion of his community in the planning process, the location of the well was changed. Now, thanks to the well, Dhuran is growing tomatoes.

The IPPE aims to ensure that everyone in a community participates in the MGNREGA planning process and that their voices are heard.

 Thanks to the work of NSVK in Jharkhand, Dhuran helped to build a well under MGNREGA that benefitted his whole community and allows him to grow tomatoes.

PACS and the IPPE

Between August and October 2013 PACS carried out an inclusive MGNREGA planning process trial with 200 Gram Panchayats in the six states of of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.

The experiences and learnings from this trial were shared with the Ministry of Rural Development along with the National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD) who are responsible for IPPE training. As a result, the material developed during the PACS trial has been used in the national training module for IPPE.

Four PACS team members have since been included by the Ministry of Rural Development to be part of the national resource team, delivering IPPE training in different regions.

Find out more about our work with state governments on IPPE.

IPPE training for PACS partners

Civil society organisations (CSOs) have an important role to play in helping communities and local governments to implement IPPE effectively. Throughout summer 2014, PACS ran training sessions on IPPE for all our CSO partners who work on MGNREGA.

From October - November 2014 PACS MGNREGA partners carried out the IPPE with around 500 Gram Panchayats across 50 districts in all 7 states in which PACS works. In total, PACS has carried out inclusive IPPEs in 2972 individual Gram Panchayats and villages

Whilst not all communities have carried out the specific PACS inclusive IPPE process, all MGNREGA partners have been working with socially excluded groups to encourage them to participate in the MGNREGA planning process in their villages. As a result of PACS work, 1,243,082 assets (such as ponds, wells and roads) have been built under MGNREGA to benefit socially excluded communities.


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