There is a broad category of poor in India, but certain socially excluded groups experience greater challenges in accessing rights, entitlements and opportunities, and in moving out of poverty.
PACS chose to specifically focus on working to empower the following five socially excluded groups, helping them to claim their rights and entitlements more effectively:
It should be noted that PACS did not to deny the existence of discrimination against other population categories but its decision to concentrate on these five groups reflected a need to focus.
Each of the five groups scored lower than the general population against a wide range of socio-economic indicators, both nationally and in the PACS States where the programme was active.
It is also important to remember that people may encounter multiple forms of exclusion if they face discrimination on the basis of more than one identity. For example, a disabled woman may face double discrimination based on both her sex and her disability.