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PACS worked in 14 districts in Odisha with 10 Civil Society Organisation (CSO) partners and 28 network partners. PACS projects covered 49 blocks, 3023 villages and reached 1,133,724 people.

Map of PACS districts in Odisha

Impact: overall

  • 3612 Community Based Organisations (CBOs) were formed or re-formed. 94% of the CBOs were led by people from socially excluded groups. Membership of these CBOs totalled 53,042 people, 95% of whom were from socially excluded groups. 
  • 1371 training and sensitisation events were conducted and, through these, 53,628 individuals (including CSO staff, service providers, CBO members and community members) were trained.
  • 122 discrimination cases were identified, and 90 of these were addressed.
  • 408 Right to Information (RTI) applications were submitted.
  • 553 advocacy meetings with government officials were held, along with another 217 advocacy meetings with other stakeholders.
  • 32 recommendations were made to remove barriers and constraints in service delivery.
  • 237 social audits and public hearings were organised involving 16,971 participants from 2088 villages.

Impact: by theme


  • 85,580 people were supported to successfully apply for MGNREGA work - a total of 3,098,015 work days and Rs.94,289,096 in wages. 
  • 70 resource persons and 12 block level resource teams were trained on the PACS inclusive Integrated Participatory Planning Exercise (IPPE) model. As a result, 576 inclusive village MGNREGA plans were developed.
  • 215 PACS inclusive social audits were carried out.
  • Linkages were established between MGNREGA and land development schemes through inter-departmental convergence activities. Indeed, 7511 individual assets were created under MGNREGA benefitting socially excluded households

Land and Forest Rights

  • 9559 homestead land claims were applied for, of which 6143 homestead land claims were received.
  • 3839 agricultural land claims were applied for, of which 430 were received.
  • 23,907 Individual Forest Rights claims were applied for and 12,263 Individual Forest Rights were received.
  • 964 Community Forest Rights claims were applied for, of which 153 were received.
  • 894 Forest Rights Committees (FRCs) were institutionalised and strengthened, whilst 336 Gram Panchayat cadres were trained to process community forest rights claims. 

Health and Nutrition

  • ​28,212 institutional deliveries were facilitated and 27,597 women were supported to receive full benefits under the JSY maternal health scheme.
  • 72,061 children received their full entitlements to nutrition under the ICDS scheme and 646 Anganwadi (ICDS) centres were supported to improve their functioning.


  • 420 School Management Committees were formed or re-structured, and 617 CBO members took up positions on them.
  • Mid-Day Meals were regularised in 702 schools

Livelihoods and Skills

  • PACS inclusive livelihood models on turmeric and vegetable cultivation provided sustainable livelihoods to 7150 socially excluded households in the districts of Kandhamal and Jharsuguda.
  • 1502 young people from socially excluded groups were trained in vocational employment skills under the PACS Skills.in programme and 1175 of the students were placed in jobs.

Impact: photo gallery

Find more Odisha case studies and resources on the PACS Learning Zone.

Lessons learnt

  • Incorporating an inclusive approach in organisational programmes and projects can sustain the momentum of addressing discrimination issues.
  • Empowered CBOs and institutionalised FRCs are instrumental for helping community members to access their rights and entitlements with dignity. 
  • Stories of change and other evidence-based documents are crucial to making service providers responsive and accountable. 

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