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The PACS programme was entirely funded by the UK Government’s Department for International Development (DFID) - the arm of the UK government that works in partnership with developing countries to promote development and end extreme poverty. 0.7% of the UK's gross national income is dedicated to development assistance.

DFID in India

The UK has been working for many years in partnership with the Government of India to achieve its poverty reduction priorities and the Millennium Development Goals. However, as India’s economy grows, poverty reduces and India has ever greater prominence in world affairs, the UK’s development partnership with India is evolving.

In a statement in November 2012, the UK Secretary of State for International Development announced that the UK would be moving to a new development relationship with India, with no new financial grant aid being approved.

After the closure of the PACS programme (and other DFID-funded projects) in March 2016, new programmes are focusing on sharing skills and expertise in priority areas such as growth, trade and investment, and skills and health. The UK Government is also planning to make investments in private sector projects that create opportunities for the poor while generating a return, as well as strengthening their partnership with India on global development issues like food security and climate change.

Read more about DFID in India on the DFID website.


In the 2013/14 review of PACS, DFID rated PACS as A+ (“moderately exceeding expectations”).

The review stated that: “Partners acknowledge PACS support for building their core competencies, financial and management systems, priming them for scale up and for linking them to larger networks. Though initially uncomfortable, partners now acknowledge this as a constructive shift in their approach, with huge benefits to the community. PACS has gone beyond the immediate grant partners to build a wider network of development practitioners and created a brand value of efficiency, effectiveness and innovation.”

In addition, the review noted that: “PACS has done well to facilitate representation and effective participation in the statutory committees - the last tier of governance - at the village/panchayat level. These committees are often dysfunctional with near absence of community participation. With the campaigns on MGNREGA, the Forest Rights Act and Education, representation of socially excluded groups has improved and they now have clear measures in place to track, report and address discriminatory practices.”

In an interview in July 2014 with Sam Sharpe, the out-going Head of DFID India, he reflected on his interactions with PACS: “For me, the combination of practical help that you’re giving people to access rights and entitlements whilst at the same time trying to hold service providers to account through communities. That’s an incredibly powerful combination of work.”

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